Horacio A. IN THE field of arbitration — as in many other fields, legal or not — the idea of progress is associated with the idea of growth, in its turn defined and measured in terms of the ends pursued and advances made to attain them. The teleological exercise of choosing ends and objectives defining the role of a legal institution is then of paramount importance for evaluating its growth and the instruments favouring or disfavouring it; and has been characterised as a philosophical, value-charged, exercise based on the consideration of policies and principles. Indeed, its growth — as well as its setbacks — may be judged by measuring the degree to which the institution fulfils the function assigned to it in light of such ends, objectives, policies and principles
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The text includes 19 articles selected from a total of 70 submissions received from researchers throughout the region. In Volume II of the collection Comparative studies on civil justice reforms , the authors address the experiences of civil judicial reform in Australia and the Canadian province of Quebec. The first volume in the series focused on the experiences of Germany, Spain and Uruguay. This publication is composed of four reports. The report on civil procedure reform in Australia was written by Jill Howieson of the University of Western Australia.
Howieson focuses on two major areas of the civil justice system: case management and alternative dispute resolution. The authors provide a broad, multidimensional analysis of the enormous cultural transformation that was ushered in by the Civil Procedure Code that was introduced in November 12, It is designed to give attorneys the skills that they need to meet the litigation demands of an oral procedure model. November 4, Santiago, October 28 Santiago, september 30, Introduction and policy description In , JSCA approved its Gender Equality Policy, the goal of which is to increase gender equality in the justice systems of the region.
Author: William E. Davis y Razili K. Datta Country: International Source: www. Graciela Corti. Author: J. Author: Jorge A. Author: Alicia B. Author: Antonio J. Despite the progress that justice reform processes have made in Latin America, several groups still seem to be limited by various obstacles.
These include the high cost of judicial process to the parties, the lengthiness of the processes, the perception of corruption and in some cases the location of courts, which are usually found in central areas that are not convenient to some groups. As a result, a set of unsatisfied legal needs is generated in response to which traditional justice seems distant.
In order to satisfy citizen justice needs, a series of mechanisms and initiatives have emerged so that the population can meet them in a simpler, faster and less costly manner. These issues of access are aggravated when citizens are at risk due to their age, sexual orientation, gender, ethnicity, disability or social class.
Based on these challenges, the countries in the region have followed a range of strategies in order to expand access to justice at the level of administration of traditional justice and informal or alternative mechanisms.
These include special procedures for small claims cases and neighborhood justice, new sentence execution and debt recovery procedures, alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, recognition of indigenous justice, the increasing use of new technologies to provide online judicial services, among others. These strategies should be explored as measures for facing barriers of access to justice and to contribute to a more efficient justice system.
We consider it necessary to observe all of these experiences from a broader perspective that goes beyond the classic vision that is exclusively focused on arbitration, mediation and conciliation. We have coined the term Alternative Mechanisms to Judicial Process AMJP , which comes from the idea of being able to address all of the spaces in the traditional judicial process which are meant to provide more flexible justice that improves citizen access to justice.
In this context, most Latin American countries have developed a variety of innovative experiences that have had positive results but that seem to be limited when implementation problems emerge, which has stopped their consolidation as a focused public policy to provide access to justice for vulnerable groups.
As a result, this line of work involves projects, studies and activities that are related to all of these strategies and mechanisms implemented in the region that are designed to expand access to justice. Review the report here. In spanish. Review the activities we develop here.
JSCA Reports. Davis and Razili K. D for Judicial Systems Journal No. Document Center. Description Objetivos Description Despite the progress that justice reform processes have made in Latin America, several groups still seem to be limited by various obstacles. Objetivos To support the implementation of public policies in the area of access to justice in member countries.
To gather and organize information and analytically describe the AMJP principles and strategies followed by member countries. To promote and disseminate discussion on AMJP in the region. Tweets by Cejamericas. Desktop Version. Judicial Alignment in Mediation Law No. Small Claims Justice Author: J. Arbitration in Latin America: There is a future! Resolution No. Peace Justice: Success or Failure? Indigenous Justice System and Rights in Peru. Centros Integrados de Justicia. Viceministerio de Defensa de los Derechos del Usuario y el Consumidor.
Building institutional capacity at the Ibero-American Federation of Ombudsmen.
Arbitration in Poland
Argentina presents significant investment and trade opportunities, particularly in infrastructure, health, agriculture, information technology, energy, and mining. In , President Mauricio Macri continued to reform the market-distorting economic policies of his immediate predecessors. Since entering office in December , the Macri administration has taken steps to reduce bureaucratic hurdles in business creation, enacted some tax reforms, courted foreign direct investment, and attempted to implement labor reforms through sector-specific agreements with unions. This deteriorating macroeconomic situation prevented the Macri administration from implementing structural reforms that could address some of the drivers of the stagflation: high tax rates, high labor costs, access to financing, cumbersome bureaucracy, and outdated infrastructure. In September , Argentina established a new export tax on most goods through December 31, , and in January , began applying a similar tax of 12 percent on most exports of services.
La Constitución de Honduras - Español
Click this link for the English version of the Constitution of Honduras. La constitucion de Honduras le es traida por Honduras. Esta presentacion de la constitucion de Honduras incluye todas las enmiendas constitucionales. Actualizada hasta el Decreto 36 del 4 de Mayo de La soberania del Pueblo podra tambien ejercerse de manera directa, a traves del Plebiscito y el Referendo.