Autocephaly recognized universally de facto , by some Autocephalous Churches de jure. This ecumenical council was the first effort to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom. Hosius of Corduba may have presided over its deliberations. Its main accomplishments were settlement of the Christological issue of the divine nature of God the Son and his relationship to God the Father ,  the construction of the first part of the Nicene Creed , establishing uniform observance of the date of Easter ,  and promulgation of early canon law.
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First Council of Nicaea , , the first ecumenical council of the Christian church, meeting in ancient Nicaea now İznik , Turkey. It was called by the emperor Constantine I , an unbaptized catechumen , who presided over the opening session and took part in the discussions.
He hoped a general council of the church would solve the problem created in the Eastern church by Arianism , a heresy first proposed by Arius of Alexandria that affirmed that Christ is not divine but a created being. Pope Sylvester I did not attend the council but was represented by legates. The Council of Nicaea was the first council in the history of the Christian church that was intended to address the entire body of believers.
It was convened by the emperor Constantine to resolve the controversy of Arianism , a doctrine that held that Christ was not divine but was a created being. Not remotely. Arianism was actually the official orthodoxy of the Eastern Roman Empire until , when the Council of Constantinople declared the doctrine of the Trinity —that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are three equal parts of the single Godhead.
Constantine viewed conflict within the early Christian church as a tool of Satan and saw it as his duty to heal schisms wherever they appeared. His first attempt to do so was at the Council of Arles , which he convened in to address the Donatist controversy in the Western Roman Empire. He saw the Arian heresy as a trivial disagreement between academics who had too much time on their hands, and he believed that the issues could be resolved at Nicaea without difficulty. He was mistaken. The council failed to agree on a uniform date for Easter and, because of the objection of some delegates, did not adopt a policy on the celibacy of clergy.
Although church teachings emphasized the importance of clerical celibacy, many priests and even some bishops had wives as late as the 10th century. Clerical marriage would not be formally abolished until the first and second Lateran Councils in the 12th century. The emperor then exiled Arius, an act that, while manifesting a solidarity of church and state , underscored the importance of secular patronage in ecclesiastical affairs. The council attempted but failed to establish a uniform date for Easter.
It issued decrees on many other matters, including the proper method of consecrating bishops , a condemnation of lending money at interest by clerics, and a refusal to allow bishops, priests , and deacons to move from one church to another.
It also confirmed the primacy of Alexandria and Jerusalem over other sees in their respective areas. Socrates Scholasticus , a 5th-century Byzantine historian, said that the council intended to make a canon enforcing celibacy of the clergy, but it failed to do so when some objected. First Council of Nicaea. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. First Council of Nicaea Christianity . See Article History. Top Questions. Nicene Creed. Christianity: The Holy Trinity.
Constantine I: Commitment to Christianity. Easter: The date of Easter and its controversies. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. That question forced itself upon the church through the teachings of Arius. He maintained that the Logos was the first of the creatures, called into being by God as the agent or instrument through which he was to make all things.
Christ was thus…. The first four ecumenical councils—at Nicaea ce , Constantinople , Ephesus , and Chalcedon —defined the consensus to be taught and believed, articulating this faith in the Nicene Creed and the Chalcedonian Definition, which stated that Jesus is the only begotten Son of God, true man, and true God,…. Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria reigned — , fought…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
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Category:First Council of Nicea
From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Icona representant el Primer Concili de Nicea data desconeguda. First Council of Constantinople. Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. Media in category "First Council of Nicea" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total.
First Council of Nicaea