Hence breath is controlled when mind is controlled and mind, when breath is controlled. Breath is the gross form of the mind. The length of Breath retention is the criteria of health and energy level of the body. It also reflects the purity of body and mind.

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Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages. Do not attempt to hold it after exhalation before mastering antara kambhaka. Equalise the length of your in- and out- breathing before attempting kumbhaka. Read the Bhandhas before starting kumbhaka. Start by holding the breath for only a few seconds without losing grip on the inner body.

Watch the condition of the body, the nerves and the intellect. It takes some time before you can understand, experience and retain the precise inner grip over the intercostal muscles and diaphragm in the kumbhaka. This enables the lungs to revert to the normal, natural and fresh condition before making another attempt. For instance, three or four cycles of normal or deep breathing should fallow one cycle of kumbhaka until the session is over.

If the rhythm is undisturbed, then your practice is correct. They act as safety valves for disturbing, regularing and absorbing energy, and the energy in them is not similarly, when the lungs are full and the energy in them is not checked by the bandhas, they will be damaged, nerves will be frayed and the brain made unduly tense. This will not happen if one practises jalandhara bandha. If it moves up, the brain is caught up in the movement; it cannot then watch the trunk.

This helps the brain and cervical spinal-cord to move towards the sternum and relax the forehead. This makes the energy of the brain descend to the seat of the self. There is a tendency, whether unconscious or deliberate, to tighten and loosen them in order to hold the breath longer.

Avoid this as it dissipates energy. This refreshes the lungs to restart antara kumbhaka. If you continue after having felt the strain, you disturb the harmonious functioning of both the body and the intellect. This leads to mental imbalance. In the initial stages do mula bandha at the end of inhalation and retain it throughout retention. Keep the trunk firm and the head, arms and legs relaxed throughout.

As the spine moves anteriorly, roll the skin with it into the torso. Raise it in front of the ribs back and on both sides evenly. Hold the inner frame of the ribs firm and keep the outer body light.

This will balance the body evenly and increase the duration of kumbhaka. Do not press the skin around the armpits of the chest but lift it up. If the skin of the armpits or the shoulders move up, this is a sign of tension. Release the skin and bring it down.

He feels the oneness of body, breath and self. In this state there is no awareness that time is passing. The sadhaka experiences freedom from cause and effect. He should retain this state throughout kumbhaka.

The vital energy of the sadhaka does not escape when kumbhaka is done with the bandhas. The trunk is sealed at the base by contracting the anus and the perineum and lifting them up from muladhara. The sadhaka then becomes full of vigour and lusture. Advanced pupils should do all the bandhas after mastering them individually while holding their breath. When pensive, it is practised without uddiyana. It is performed to keep oneself quiet and be done at any time, even after meals.

When dynamic, it is done with uddiyana bandha, which massages the abdominal organs and heart and prevents dissipation of energy. Then concentrate on external retention with uddiyana bandha. If forced, one gasps, loses one's grip on the abdominal organs and feels a dryness in the lungs. Do six to eight cycles a day. For instance, three or four cycles of normal breathing may be followed by one external retention with uddiyana.

Repeat the sequence, reducing the number of cycles of normal breathing as stability is gained by practice. Never do kumbhaka with open eyes. Do not practise it if you have heart or chest problems, or when you are unwell.

The skin is its frontier. Its ruler is the atman, whose all seeing eye watches every detail during pranayaam. The result is a lake, reflecting the serene beauty of the mountains round. Emotions are the torrents, while the steady intellect forms the rock.

In kumbhaka both are evenly balanced and the soul is reflected in its pristine state. The clouds disperse and the self shines like the sun.

Jump to: navigation , search. Kumbha means a pot which can be full or empty. Kumbhaka is of two typwe. It is either a a pause between an in and an out breath or b between an out and an in breath. It is the art of retaining the breath in a state of suspense.

It also means the withdrawal of the intellect from the organs of perception and action, to focus on the seat of the atma, of consciousness. Kumbhaka keeps the sadhaka silent at the physical, moral, mental and spiritual levels.

Retention of breath in kumbhaka should not be misinterpreted as re-tension of the brain, the nerves and the body to hold the breath. Re-tensioning leads to hyper-tension. Kumbhaka has to be done with the brain relaxed so as to re-vitalise the nervous system. When the breath is stilled in kumbaka, the senses are stilled and the mind becomes silent. Breath is the bridge between the body, the senses and the mind. Kumbhaka are performed in two ways: sahita and kevala. When the breath is held intentionally and deliberately, this is sahita.

Sahita kumbhaka is the pause in breathing a after full inhalation before commencing exhalation, or b after complete exhalation prior to starting inhalation. Kevala means 'by silent' or 'absolute'.

Kevala kumbhaka is the pause in breathing unaccompanied by puraka or rechakal, as when an artists is totally absorbed in his art or a devotee is breathless with adoration. This state is often preceded by body tremors and fear like that of a man on the point of being overwhelmed by the unexpected. Patience and perseverance will overcome this feeling.

Kevala kumbhaka is instinctive and intuitive. In this state one is state one is completely absorbed in the object of one's devotion and isolated from the world, experiencing a feeling of joy and peace which passes understanding.

One is in tune with the infinite. Antara kumbhaka is the holding of the lord in the form of cosmic or universal energy, which is merged into the individual energy. It is a state wherein the lord is united with the individual soul. Bahya kumbaka is the state in which the yogi surrenders his very self, in the form of his breath, to the lord and merges with the universal breath. It is the noblest form of surrender, as the yogi's identity is to merged with the lord.

In the Bhagavad Gita krsna explains to Arjuna the different and of sacrifices and of yogis. Kumbhaka pranayama is one of these yajnas and has three categories: inhalation — retention, exhalation — retention and absolute retention.

The yogi's body is the sacrificial altar, the in — flow of breath is the moment when the oblation of puraka is consumed in the fire of rechaka, and the oblation and the flame become one. The yogi acquires the knowledge of how to control dis breathing. The upper part of the thorax is the abode of the inflowing breath, and the lower part of the outgoing breath. When the two unite in the intake of breath, this is the state of puraka kumbhaka.

When apana comes in contact with the prana and flows out in exhalation, the empty state is the rechaka kumbhaka. Absorbing this knowledge by experience, the yogi makes pranayama vidya a part of his wisdom, to which he finally offers his knowledge, his wisdom, his very life breath and his 'self' as oblation. This is the state of kevala kumbhaka, or obsolute surrender, in which the yogi is absorbed in adoration of the lord.

As a mother protects her child from every catastrophe, consciousness protects the body and breath. The spine and torso are active and dynamic like a child and the chitta is alert and protective like a mother. In kumbhaka the vibration in the body is like that of a locomotive stationary under steam, its driver alert and ready to start, but relaxed. Similarly, the prana vibrates in the torso, but the chitta is kept relaxed and ready to let go or let in the breath.

The sensitivity, the grip and stretch of the skin on the trunk is like that of a disciplined child, who is both bold and cautious. The length of time that the breath is held may be compared to that of traffic signals. If one passes the red light, accidents may occur.

So also in kumbhaka, if one goes beyond one's capacity, the nervous system will be damaged. Tension in the body and brain indicates that the chitta cannot hold the prana in kumbhaka.


Glossary of Spiritual Terms

Kumbhaka is the retention of the breath in the hatha yoga practice of pranayama. It has two types, accompanied by breathing whether after inhalation or after exhalation , and, the ultimate aim, unaccompanied. That state is kevala kumbhaka , the complete suspension of the breath for as long as the practitioner wishes. Kumbhaka is the retention of the breath in pranayama , either after inhalation , the inner or Antara Kumbhaka , or after exhalation , the outer or Bahya Kumbhaka also called Bahir Kumbhaka [3]. Iyengar in Light on Yoga , kumbhaka is the "retention or holding the breath, a state where there is no inhalation or exhalation". Sahit or Sahaja Kumbhaka is an intermediate state, when breath retention becomes natural, at the stage of withdrawal of the senses, Pratyahara , the fifth of the eight limbs of yoga. Kevala Kumbhaka , when inhalation and exhalation can be suspended at will, is the extreme stage of Kumbhaka "parallel with the state of Samadhi ", [3] or union with the divine, the last of the eight limbs of yoga , attained only by continuous long term pranayama and kumbhaka exercises.

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The art of Retention (Kumbaka)

Kevala kumbhaka is an advanced form of pranayama control and awareness of the energies associated with breathing. It is obtained after a perseverant practice of pranayama and should occur without strain. Votre Email requis. Votre Message. Your Name required.

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